Illinois Facts

Demographics:
Statehood: December 3, 1818, the 21st state

Capital: Springfield

Total Area: 26th among states, 150,007 sq km (57,918 sq mi)

Water Area: 6,022 sq km (2,325 sq mi)

Highest Point: Charles Mound 376 m (1,235 ft)

Total Population: 6th among states
1990 census – 11,430,602
1998 estimate – 12,045,326

Population Density in 1998: 84 people per sq km (217 per sq mi)

Distribution in 1990: 85% Urban, 15% Rural

Economy:
Gross State Product – $370.8 billion (1996)
Personal income per Capita – $27,929 (1997)

Largest cities in 1990:
Chicago: 2,783,726
Rockford: 139,426
Peoria: 113,504
Springfield: 105,227
Aurora: 99,581

Interesting State Facts:
The tallest man in the world was born in Alton in 1918. He weighed 491 pounds and stood 8 feet, 11 inches tall and wore a size 37 shoe.

The Home Insurance Building was built in 1885 in Chicago, becoming the world’s first modern skyscraper.

Abraham Lincoln’s first public office was as postmaster of New Salem, Illinois.

The first nuclear chain reaction took place in Illinois at the University of Chicago in 1942.

Inventors John Deere and Cyrus McCormick made their fortunes in Illinois by improving farm machinery.

The name “Illinois” comes from a Native American word meaning “tribe of superior men.”

When Illinois became a state in 1818, it had a population of 34,620 people. Illinois is now the sixth most populous state in the country with almost 11.5 million people.

Illinois’ favorite son is Abraham Lincoln. The Lincoln sites in Springfield are among the best known tourist sites in the world.

The state slogan, “Land of Lincoln,” was adopted by the General Assembly in 1955. The State of Illinois has a copyright for the exclusive use of the slogan.

Illinois has the nation’s third largest city; Chicago.

The state’s largest inland water system is Carlyle Lake, which covers 26,000 acres in Southern Illinois.

Illinois ranks third in the nation in the number of interstate highway miles.

Illinois was the home of President Ulysses S. Grant, whose home is preserved in Galena.

Metropolis the home of Superman really exists in Southern Illinois.